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How do I cite your articles? What if an article has no listed author?

This depends on which style manual you are following. For instance, there are guidelines put forth by the American Psychological Association (APA), the Modern Language Association (MLA) and Chicago Manual of Style (CMS). While there are many other organizational style guides, we will provide informative links for these three predominant styles.

Note that it is possible to cite articles from that do not list an author. Please refer to the appropriate style guide for specific instructions in this case.

For instance, here is an example taken from APA style that demonstrates how to cite an article without a known author:
20 years on, world's first Web page to be reborn. (2013). Retrieved April 30, 2013 from


The following resource from Purdue’s Online Writing Lab is comprehensive, but allows you to compare citation formats across all three style guides:

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Academic use content is subject to the United States Copyright Act and various reciprocal international copyright protections; Berne (Paris), WTO, UCC Geneva and UCC Paris. Academic and non-commercial use of the content is afforded under Title 17, Sections 107-118 of the U.S. Copyright Act for "Fair Use" of content.

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For all other non-commercial uses of content, such as blogs, Web sites and the like, we rely on the parameters of "Fair Use" as set forth in the Copyright Act. Users may copy, transfer or reproduce up to 200 words of an article or story and then insert a hyperlink back to the original content. By following these steps, no prior written or oral permission is required.


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